Fenugreek and Diabetes: Links, Benefits and Risks

Fenugreek may have some anti-diabetic properties, such as improving insulin resistance, but more research is needed to support this claim.

Fenugreek is an herb that people have been using for a long time as an alternative or traditional medicine. People often take the herb as a supplement, and many believe it has several potential health benefits.

Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects the body’s ability to convert food into energy. The body breaks down most of the food a person eats into glucose and sugar and releases them into the bloodstream.

When blood sugar levels rise, it sends signals to the pancreas to release insulin. Insulin allows cells in the body to use glucose for energy.

This article reviews fenugreek, how it might help with type 2 diabetes, health benefits and risks, how to use it, and alternatives.

Fenugreek is an herb from the same family as soy.

People use it in various forms, such as:

  • fresh herbs
  • dried roots
  • leaves
  • twigs
  • seeds
  • Spice up
  • extra charge
  • flavoring agent

How to use it in the kitchen

Fenugreek seeds have a smell and taste of hazelnut and maple syrup. A person can use the seeds in spice blends for curries, sauces, and pickles or sprinkle as a powder over yogurt or desserts. Some people add fenugreek to tea.

Some people believe that fenugreek has several health benefits, although more research is needed to determine its effectiveness.

Animal studies to have found that fenugreek compounds contain anti-diabetic properties. These properties can:

Improve insulin sensitivity

Insulin sensitivity refers to how cells in the body respond to insulin. When insulin sensitivity is high, cells in the body use glucose more efficiently, resulting in lower blood sugar levels.

A Experimental study 2018 observed participants who consumed fenugreek seeds for 10 days. The researchers concluded that fenugreek exhibits insulin sensitizing effects.

Delay gastric emptying

Gastric emptying refers to the time it takes for food to leave a person’s system after eating it. Diabetes can cause rapid gastric emptying, resulting in postprandial spikes, which are temporary increases in blood sugar. These points can to lead to gastrointestinal complications and symptoms.

research 2020 in male rats with diabetes demonstrates that fenugreek seeds and milk thistle can delay gastric emptying, which prevents a rise in blood sugar after a meal.

Reduce glucose absorption in the intestine

In a person with diabetes, the body does not produce enough insulin or cannot use it as efficiently as it should. This means there is too much sugar left in the blood, which can cause serious problems over time. These include:

People with diabetes tend to have high levels of glucose in the gut, and an increase in proteins that transport sodium and glucose can increase the risk of hyperglycemia or hyperglycemia.

Research has shown that fenugreek seeds decreases the rate of glucose absorption. If fenugreek can reduce the absorption of high levels of glucose from the gut, it may help reduce the risk of high blood sugar.

A study 2017 found that mice fed a high-fat diet with fenugreek seeds had better glucose tolerance than mice that were not given fenugreek. However, they found no improvement in glucose intolerance in mice that were on a low-fat diet.

The researchers also found that mice that exercised on a spinning wheel showed higher glucose tolerance than mice that received fenugreek. This may suggest that a low-fat diet and exercise may work much better than fenugreek supplementation for people with diabetes.

A person should talk to a doctor before using fenugreek. Potential side effects may to understand:

Fenugreek is not safe for use during pregnancy and while breastfeeding in larger amounts than the amounts commonly found in foods. Its safety in large quantities is unknown, although some to research has linked it to increased risks of congenital disabilities in animals and people.

People believe that fenugreek may have several benefits for health conditions, including:

Although there are many health benefits of fenugreek, scientific evidence only supports a few. These include:

  • Increase sperm and testosterone levels: In a study 2017researchers found that 85.4% of men who took fenugreek seed extract for 12 weeks had an increase in sperm count, and the results suggested that the participants had improved:
  • Anti-inflammatory properties: A animal study 2016 found that fenugreek seed extracts are rich in linolenic acids, which may have significant anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritic effects. Although more research is needed, including human trials and long-term, large-scale studies, the initial research is showing promise.
  • Aid in weight loss: Due to its high fiber content, fenugreek can increase feelings of fullness and decrease appetite. Although to research found that people may feel fuller due to taking fenugreek supplements, evidence has not shown that people necessarily consume less because of this.
  • Reduce the risk of heart disease: Recent studies on fenugreek seed extracts support their effectiveness in promoting lean body mass and lowering cholesterol in men.

People with type 1 diabetes usually need a daily injection of insulin to maintain their blood sugar levels.

For people with type 2 diabetes, balanced meals and exercise are important to control the disease. Over time, however, a person with type 2 diabetes may also need insulin or other medications.

Alternative remedies

There is insufficient research for evidence-based support for many alternative or complementary diabetes treatments. A person should not abandon traditional treatment for these treatments without first seeking advice from a medical professional.

Natural treatments for diabetes to understand:

Studies have shown that fenugreek contains certain anti-diabetic properties, such as improving insulin sensitivity, delaying gastric emptying, and reducing glucose absorption.

More research is needed to determine the effectiveness and safety of fenugreek as a treatment for diabetes, as it may have unwanted side effects.

A person should not stop traditional diabetes treatment, such as insulin, fenugreek, or other alternative treatments, without first discussing it with a doctor.

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